Technological intervention in the societal development

Since the dawn of the Industrial Revolution, machines have become a part of our everyday life, assisting and aiding us to perform our routine tasks easier than before. Due to this developing technology, various fields have observed their periods of exponential development, whether it be economy, industry, science itself and many other fields, which in turn had assisted in societal development. Now how exactly, has this intervention of technology helped in societal development, is what I am going to build upon.  

E-Learning: Technology helps students gain access to open educational resources. These resources are preserved under the public domain and are freely available and accessible to anyone over the world-Wide-Web. These educational resources include e-books, digital libraries, educational games, educational videos and instructions, tutorials and much more. Teachers have embraced and inculcated in their lesson delivering process, video hosting platforms like YouTube, to upload recorded lectures, so that students who missed lectures can access them from anywhere. Also the use of smartphone for educational purposes helps students and teachers access educational information using Edtech Apps. Also, the advent of use of Smart Learning technology like EduComp and ExtraMarks, has started to facilitate teachers in delivering their lessons to the students in a fashion which delves more deeper into concepts and topics by visual representations and simulations, helps the teachers to develop and manage their lesson plans, tests and to track the academic progress of each student and to provide academic help those who need it.

E-learning has enabled students to learn at their own pace. Students find it less cumbersome, to learn with technology because computers are fore bearing compared to humans. Teachers publish educational instructions on school websites or they assign research work via email, and this gives a student time to study on their own and have no fear of making mistakes during the process of learning.

Technological tools like the internet provide students an opportunity for self learning. Many students prefer teaching and discovering content by themselves as this process helps them to know about the different methods available at their disposal to solve a given question.

Evidently, technology has tremendously influenced and promoted the development of society in terms of education.

Agriculture: The development of the sphere of farming and agriculture would lead to the development of rural societies as a whole, who are inherently, and for a long time, involved in these fields.

Earlier, the process of irrigation, plough, sowing, and harvesting took a herculean effort and a lot of time, not to mention the problems of crop failure due to delayed monsoons, sudden changes in soil chemistry, pests, etc. But now with the help of technology, these woes of the farmers have been taken care of.

Farmers no longer have to input water, manures, and pesticides uniformly across entire fields. Instead, they can use the minimum quantities required and specifically target areas, or even treat individual plants differently. Benefits include:

  1. Higher crop productivity
  2. Reduced use of water, fertilizer, and pesticides, which in turn keeps food prices down
  3. Reduced impact on natural ecosystems
  4. Less runoff of harmful chemical substances into rivers and groundwater

In addition, technology has enabled more reliable monitoring and management of natural resources, such as air and water quality. It also provides producers greater control over plant and animal production, processing, distribution, and storage, which consequently results in:

  1. Greater efficiencies and lower prices
  2. Safer growing conditions and safer foods
  3. Reduced environmental and ecological impact

Some of the citations for use of technology in agriculture are as follows:

Digital applications are helping farmers in Bihar and Madhya Pradesh make faster and better decisions on crop planning based on weather conditions.

This has helped in improving the quality and quantity of the crop, thus leading to development of society in terms of agriculture.  

E-healthcare: Online medical portals are helping individuals to take advice online or consult doctors round the-clock over the phone and HD video if they have an urgent health concern that requires immediate consultation. Similarly, the invention of telemedicine has opened new avenues for rural healthcare. Tele health allows patients to connect with doctors using mobile devices and video chat.  

Healthcare is witnessing a push to make the move from paper-based to electronic health record systems. By going digital, healthcare is able to move beyond the brick and mortar constraints of traditional medicine by using a new digital infrastructure to ensure more efficient service delivery. Digitization enables centralized database containing all aspects of patients’ health, which in turn facilitates diagnosis and reduces the risk of medical errors. A major initiative that demonstrates the power of digitization in healthcare is eHealth, which is a part of Digital India program of the government.

With ideas like ePharmacy, eDiagnostics, eInsurance, this program would provide a robust ecosystem support to the patients and service providers alike with access to information— anytime, anywhere. The database of health records is further expected to be linked to the Aadhar number of citizens.

Patients can skip the hassles of registration and other formalities by merely identifying themselves through the Aadhaar number. Further, they can select hospital and department, select date of appointment and get the same through SMS.

Cloud computing has become prevalent in medical sector too. Almost 90% doctors are now storing all their patient records in digital format and then moving them to the cloud. With this patients and doctors can access their information anytime, anywhere. This ensures complete picture of a patient’s medical history to doctors.

Vocational training: Earlier, for the unemployed and the under-graduate students, it was really difficult to hunt for internships and/or vocational training centers to develop or make use of their skill sets, but now, with the help of online portals and apps, they can search for the desired centers according to their existing skill sets or the ones that they want to develop. Thus, this helps in employment generation and thus contributes to the societal development

Thus, the fact that technology has intervened and influenced the societal development is not inconspicuous. Sure it has, in a way, influenced the progress of the society in a negative way too, for instance, machines and bots have replaced humans in factory thus snatching an opportunity of employment from them, but if we were to look at the greater picture, we would find that the positives outweigh the negatives. Thus, it becomes the responsibility of the government to ensure the progress and development of the nation’s technology, so that it may benefit the nation and thus the society that dwells in it. 

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